None of us know how long we live. That is a good reason for the Government to reduce the Australian dependence on the Aged Pension. Compulsory superannuation was Introduced to reduce the massive liability the Government has with the Pension. The problem has now been transferred to Australian Citizens.
How long will we live for?
Actuaries can estimate what will happen to a large group of men and women. The individual life expectancy is a great unknown. Currently, the life expectancy for a male aged 65 is close to 20 years and 23 years for a female. Self Managed Superannuation Funds (SMSFs) can be built around this. However, if you expect to live to 100 because both your Mother and Father lived to 100 then you may need to keep working until you are close to 80!
The Personal Perspective
According to the September 2019 Self Managed Super Fund Magazine (https://smsmagazine.com.au) the average pension payments from SMSFs was:
More up to date information is available for the Australian Pension for couples
As we all should know, the pension reduces as the level of private savings and assets increases. Pensioners with SMSFs live a better lifestyle and are not financed by Government.
If you own your own house and have a particularly simple lifestyle, it is possible to live on the pension. It means no overseas trips, no visits to good restaurants, strict budgeting and always looking for the cheapest items in the supermarket.
Nevertheless it is government policy to reduce this dependence on the public purse by encouraging people to save for their future – and for this they receive a tax benefit.
It is not government policy to encourage luxuries on the pension. The exceptions are politicians and judges, who can afford luxuries from their generous government-funded pension schemes. For the rest of us, any improved lifestyle comes from the superannuation fund we build before retirement.
Here’s a simple illustration. Assume a retirement balance of $1 million. Every year for 20 years $50,000 can be taken out as a pension (ie a capital drawdown).
The superannuation fund can earn about 5 per cent. Inflation is assumed to be around 3 per cent. The remaining 2 per cent, or $20,000, in the first year is a bonus for holidays, upgrading cars or reinvesting. The amount equal to inflation should be reinvested so that the drawdown keeps up with inflation. A balance of $2 million will result in a lifestyle of $100,000 every year. Alternatively, it may keep retirees going for more than 40 years on a $50,000 lifestyle.
Some financial investment analysts suggest long-term returns averaging 7 per cent may be possible. Remember high returns and high risk go together.
Risks to Australian Superannuation Policy
This simplistic example gives a good picture of what to expect. If you would like a more complicated example, make an appointment with your expensive actuary.
The concern we have concentrated on is:
There are others:
How will future Governments react to a large poole of Superannaution.
How many Covid 19s are waiting for us.
What do our Asian neighbours have in mind. The largest one will cause the largest problems.
If you would like to read a small treatise on Risk please read SMSFs and Risk